Agile Testing Interview Questions

If you’ve received a call for an Agile testing interview, congratulations are in order. You may be nervous, but it’s certainly noticeable at this point. It’s better to prepare for the interview, and it’s always helpful to know how to go about it. Top companies like Apple, Google, Microsoft, and many others interview for agile testing developer positions with good pay.

It is better to prepare thoroughly for the interview because it can prove to be a great opportunity for you. We have compiled a set of 20 questions that you can go through while preparing for your job interview. These expected questions with effective answers will help you pass the interview without any difficulty.

Read Best Agile Testing Interview Questions and Answers

The questions will help you understand the pattern of questions that might be asked in your Agile testing interview. So take a look at them for yourself.

Q1 – What do you understand by Agile testing?

The AGILE methodology is a practice used by Quality Assurance, which is known to promote the continuous iteration of development. These tests take place in a dynamic environment, as requirements are constantly changing according to the needs of the customer. These tests take place throughout the development of the software lifecycle of a given project. Unlike the waterfall model, testing and development activities take place simultaneously. Agile testing takes place in parallel with development activities, and the team performing the testing often receives small codes from the development team.

Agile testing is based on four core values:

  1. Giving more importance to the team and individual interactions than to tools and processes.
  2. More importance is placed on working software than on comprehensive documentation
  3. Collaborating with customers is more important than negotiating contracts
  4. Responding to change is more important than following a plan

Q2 – What do you understand by the terms sprint backlog and product backlog?

The Sprint Backlog is basically considered as a subset of the backlog of a product, which contains requirements and functions that only relate to this specific sprint. The Product Backlog is usually maintained by the project owner and contains all requirements and functions of the product.

Q3 – What is the main difference between the traditional Waterfall model and Agile testing?

In the traditional waterfall model, testing is generally performed at the end of development. However, in the agile methodology, testing is performed in parallel with development, i.e. as development progresses, so do tests.

Q4 – What is the Release burndown chart?

A Release Burns Down is a graph used to show releases that are pending and previously scheduled.

Q5 – What does Pair Programming mean? Explain its benefits?

Pair programming is a technique in which two programmers work as part of a team. In this process, one programmer is assigned to review the code while the other writes the code. The role can be easily switched between the programmers.

Advantages of Pair Programming:

  1. Ease of knowledge sharing: One experienced partner can teach the other about codes and techniques at any time.
  2. The quality of the code is improved: if the second partner reviews the code at the same time, the probability of errors is simply reduced.

Q6 – Describe the Iterative and Incremental Development in Agile?

Incremental development: Software development is mainly done in increments or, more precisely, in parts. In every single increment, a part of the complete requirement is to be delivered.

Iterative development: It is known that the software is delivered to the customer after development. Based on the feedback, the software is again developed in cycles and released in sprints. For example, in Release l, after five sprints, the software is developed and delivered to the customer. After that, if the customer wants changes, the development team has to make plans for the second release, which is completed in sprints, and so on.

Q7 – What are the qualities that a good Agile tester must possess?

The good qualities of a tester are as follows:

  1. An agile tester should have a better and faster understanding of the requirements.
  2. The agile tester should be familiar with the agile principles and concepts.
  3. He should be able to understand the risks associated with the requirements as they are constantly changing.
  4. Based on the requirements, an agile tester should know how to prioritize the work that needs to be done.
  5. An agile tester must be able to communicate with the business partners and developers as his work depends on better communication.

Q8 – When requirements change frequently how do you deal with such requirements?

This question essentially tests the applicant’s analytical skills. The answer may be as follows:

You have to work with the PO and to update the test cases, you have to understand the exact requirements. The agile tester also needs to understand the risk associated with any change in the requirements. Apart from this, the agile tester must also be able to write the test cases and the generic test plan. Automation must not be done until the requirements are finalized.

Q9 – State the difference between user topic, Epic, and Tasks?

  • Topic: User stories are created by the business owner that define the actual business requirements.
  • Tasks: Tasks are created by the team to complete the development of the business requirements.
  • Epic: A group of related user stories is called an Epic.

Q10 – What is a Taskboard in Agile?

A dashboard called a taskboard is used to display the progress of the project. It generally contains:

  1. User History: the actual business requirement or user history.
  2. To Do: tasks that can be worked on.
  3. In Progress: tasks that are in progress.
  4. To Verify: Tasks that are still pending testing or verification.
  5. Completed: Tasks that have been completed.

Q11 – What do you understand by the term Test-Driven Development (TDD)?

It is a technique that involves test-first development, where we first run a test and then write the complete code for production. Then, based on the result, the test is run again to redesign the code to meet the requirements of the test.

Q12 – What is Scrum ban?

The model of software development that is a combination of Kanban and Scrum is called Scrum-Ban. Wherever there are unexpected user stories or frequent changes, Scrumban is used as a maintenance project. In this way, the minimum completion time for user stories can be reduced.

Q13 – Describe the ‘planning poker’ or ‘scrum poker’ technique?

Planning poker is also called serum poker, a technique based on the estimation of cards that are essentially based on a general agreement.

  1. Initially, either the owner or the client reads the agile user story, and its characteristics are understood by the estimator.
  2. Each estimator has planning cards, each with a different number on it, for example, 0, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, and so on. The number on the card represents the story points or ideal days.
  3. The characteristics set by the owner of the product are discussed by the Estimator after the cards are selected based on their estimation.
  4. If a common value is selected, then that is the estimate. If it is not, the estimation of the minimum and maximum value is discussed.
  5. The process described above is repeated until everyone reaches a general agreement.

Q14 – State the disadvantages of using the Agile model?

Just as there are advantages, there are also disadvantages to using an agile model; these are

  1. The focus on documentation and design is sometimes not appropriate.
  2. If there is even a small mistake in understanding the guidelines given by the customer, the programmers may have to do it all over again, or the outcome of the project may not be satisfactory to the customer.
  3. The agile model is not so easy to predict. For a large project, it is not easy to predict the effort that will be required for the project.
  4. Basically, high-level decisions are made by veterans, usually combined with inexperienced people. Novices may have little or no leeway to acquire adequate knowledge.

Q15 – What are the principles of agile testing?

Some important principles that distinguish agile testing from others are:

  • The focus is on satisfied customers.
  • The code is clean and bug-free.
  • Changes suggested by customers are always welcome.
  • Work is done collaboratively by developers and business people across the team.
  • The focus is on the essentials rather than lengthy documentation.
  • Face-to-face conversations are emphasized.
  • Sustainable development is encouraged

Q16 – How does the development of agile testing vary from other methodologies of testing_

How is the agile testing (development) methodology different from other testing (development) methodologies?

The agile testing methodology requires that the code is divided into small units and only one unit is processed or tested at a time. This is not the case with other testing methodologies. In this agile process, the team focuses on a specific unit of code through continuous communication. This method is more flexible.

Q17 – How would you find out whether you are making use of agile development or not?

Using test-driven development, staff with class responsibility, pair programming, daily stand-up meetings, reviews, continuous integration, Time Boxed Task Board, and much more, you will easily know that you are simply using the best agile development.

Q18 – Name the main roles when it comes to the scrum?

The most important roles in Scrum are:

  1. Scrum Team: the scrum team consists of individuals working together to achieve the best results for a given task. The desired product is delivered by a dedicated scrum team with a deep commitment.
  2. Scrum Master: As the name suggests, the Scrum Master is the person responsible for the proper execution and work of the entire team. The Scrum Master is both a leader and a coach. It is his job to ensure that the team is doing its best and is productive in terms of both the scrum and the sprint end goal.
  3. Product Owner: Part of the Product Owner’s job is to provide a complete and clear picture of what is to be developed. The Product Owner also communicates this idea to the team.

Q19 – What is the meaning of a Sprint Retrospective meeting?

The last phase of a Sprint, which usually takes place after the Sprint Review Meeting, is called the Sprint Retrospective Meeting. This is attended by the entire team, including the Scrum Master, to discuss the good and bad aspects of the Sprint. The team consults on the improvements needed, and the discussion lasts about three hours.

Q20 – What is the ‘build-breaker’?

Developers may accidentally execute a bug during the development of the software. When such bugs generate warnings, result in failed normal executions during testing, or even interfere with the compilation process, this irregularity is called a “broken build.” The tester’s priority in such cases is to return development to the standard phase by quickly fixing the problem with the bugs.


Agile testing is a field that offers employment opportunities in most top companies, for which you need consistency and hard work. These questions are the basic questions that can help you prepare for the interview. Based on the above questions, you can get an idea of the questions that you might be asked in the interview. The testers or developers can apply for the job by preparing for the interview about the agile process or methodology. With good preparation and a little cleverness, you can easily master this interview.

All the best!

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