Selenium is an open source, portable, software testing application, owned by the Apache Software Foundation, the same ownership that has blueprinted JMeter tool. Selenium Automation is considered as one of the easiest utilities that allow the users to record and write test results without mastering a specific programming language. Instead, it facilitates the testers to obtain reports in various popular programming scripts, like C#, JAVA, PHP, Ruby, etc.
The selenium automation utility can be installed on almost all popular operating systems, including Windows, Macintosh, and Linux.
Advantages of Deploying Selenium Automation Testing
It is an open source performance testing software that can be downloaded freely from the internet, and deployed. Since testing the functionality of a website, application, or web-based program has become very important these days, the operation of free-to-use testing tools has become usual. The below subsections enunciate some of the best perks of performing selenium automation testing –
Highly Flexible – Selenium is a very flexible, portable structure. You can add functionalities to its test cases and framework, to customize the tool according to your project, pretty easily. You do not need any special training, or to strive hard to perform the test. Its advanced interface guides you in this. And this can be pronounced as the best feature of Selenium Automation tool.
Free of cost – As said earlier, Selenium is an open source, free to use software testing tool, which can be downloaded from the World Wide Web. Even though, its ownership rights are with ASF, but you do not need to purchase its license or key to use it. Since free of cost, it reduces the final service charges.
Compatibility – Being a flexible utility, it can be run on, as mentioned, Windows, Linux, and Macintosh; and on different web browsers as Internet Explorer, Firefox, Safari, and Opera. Additionally, it allows you to interpret reports in multiple languages. It requires very less efforts in report generation.
Multiple Test Environments – Selenium allows the testers to use a range of IDEs, Integrated Development Environments, such as Eclipse, Netbeans, and Visual Studio, and many more.
With its capable GUIs and advanced features, the testers can use it for continuous integration.
Components of Selenium Application
Selenium IDE – It is a very useful environment, which can be added to a Firefox browser as an Add-On. The IDE allows the testers to record, edit and debug the test cases and reports.
Selenium Client API – The features let the testers to write tests in multiple programming languages.
Selenium RC – Technically, Selenium Remote Control is a JAVA server with which test can be written in any programming language.
Selenium WD – Selenium Web Driver is the advanced version of RC, which sends the test commands to a browser.